Egg Substitutes In Baking Recipes

Egg Substitute 101 Infographics

There are many egg substitutes available when a recipe calls for eggs. All these egg substitutes can be easily purchased from your grocery stores and health food stores.

Flour/Powder Egg Substitute For 1 Egg

The following flour/powder egg substitutes are best for Cookies, Burgers, and Meatballs.

IngredientMeasurement
ENERG Powder1.5 Tbs + 2 Tbs Water
Cornstarch2 Tbs + 2 Tbs Water
Arrowroot Powder2 Tbs + 2 Tbs Water
Soy Protein Powder1 Tbs + 2 Tbs Water
Baking Powder2 Tbs + 3 Tbs Water + 1 Tbs Oil
Chickpea Flour3 Tbs + 3 Tbs Water
All-purpose Flour3 Tbs + 3 Tbs Water
Whole Wheat Flour3 Tbs + 3 Tbs Water

Nuts/Seeds Egg Substitute For 1 Egg

The nuts/seeds egg substitutes listed below are best for Waffles, Pancakes, & Muffins.

IngredientMeasurement
Flaxseed Meal1 Tbs + 3 Tbs Water
Chiaseed (Ground)1 Tbs + 3 Tbs Water
Peanut Butter3 Tbs
Almond Butter3 Tbs
Any Other Seed Butter3 Tbs

Fruits/Veg Egg Substitute For 1 Egg

The below fruits/veg egg substitutes are best for Quick Bread, Brownies & Muffins:

IngredientMeasurement
Unsweetened Applesauce1/4 Cup
Mashed Banana1/4 Cup
Mashed Avocado1/4 Cup
Pureed Pumpkin1/4 Cup
Prune (Baby Food)1/4 Cup

Dairy & Non-Dairy Egg Substitute For 1 Egg

The following dairy and non-dairy egg substitutes are best for Cakes, Cupcakes, Muffins & Bars/Brownies:

IngredientMeasurement
Pureed Silken Tofu1/4 Cup
Dairy Milk1/4 Cup
Soy Milk1/4 Cup
Coconut Milk1/4 Cup
Yogurt1/4 Cup
Buttermilk1/4 Cup
Condensed Milk1/4 Cup
Kefir1/4 Cup

Other Egg Substitute For 1 Egg

The following egg substitutes can be used depending upon the recipes and they are usually best for Gelatin Puddings, Macaroons, Cupcakes & Quick Breads.

IngredientMeasurementSuitable For:
Agar Agar1 Tbs + 1 Tbs Water 
Soy Lecithin1 TbsTo Replace 1 Large Egg Yolk
Aquafaba3 TbsTo Replace 1 Egg / Egg Whites
Vinegar1 Tbs + 1 Tsp Baking SodaCupcakes / Quick Breads
Lemon Juice2 Tbs + 1 Tsp Baking SodaCupcakes / Quick Breads

Purpose of Eggs In Baking

Eggs As Binders

Egg as binderIf eggs are binders in a recipe, it can be replaced with Arrowroot, Soy Lecithin, Flax-seed Mix, Pureed Fruits or Vegetables, Silken Tofu, Unflavored Vegetarian Gelatin Powder (agar agar). The ratio is, for every egg replaced, 1/4 cup of the substitute is used.

Eggs as Leavening Agents

Egg as leavening agentIf eggs are leavening agents, Buttermilk, Yogurt, Baking Soda, Commercial Egg Replacement Powder such as Ener-G can be used.

Eggs for Moisture

Egg for moistureIf eggs are added for moisture, Fruit Juice, Milk, Water or Pureed Fruit can be used.

Common Egg Substitutes In Baking

#1. Commercial Egg Replacer

What is Egg Replacer?

Egg ReplacerIt is a mix of potato and tapioca starch (no corn) and some leavening agents. Some commercially available egg replacer powders are Ener-G, Bob’s Red Mill, Organ and other brands. Learn more about egg replacer here.

How to replace eggs using egg replacer?

Whip together in a food processor or blender 1 and a half teaspoons powder and 2 tablespoons water. Sometimes 2-3 times as much powder in the same amount of water gives better results.

How's the result?

Flavorless, won’t affect the taste of the baked goods. Best suitable for all baked goods, especially Cookies.

#2. Silken Tofu

What is Silken Tofu?

Silken TofuIt’s made by curdling soy milk and pressing them into sliceable cakes. It is a boon for those who want to go egg free. From scrambled eggs to frittatas and cakes to frostings, tofu has its place in many dishes. Learn more about Silken Tofu and recipes using Silken tofu as a vegan egg substitute.

How to replace eggs using Silken Tofu?

Substitute 1/4 cup of whipped silken tofu for each egg.

How's the result?

Baked goods won’t brown as deeply, but they will be very moist and dense. Best suitable for Rich, dense & moist Cakes, breads, chocolate chip cookies, and brownies.

#3. Flax Seeds

What is Flax Seed?

Flax EggAs the name implies, it is a seed, a miracle plant-based food, rich in Omega-3 fatty acids, an important source of the essential fat for vegetarians especially. We can make flax seed meal at home freshly by grinding flax seeds or get it ready made from the store. It is a vegan egg substitute. Learn more about Flax Seed Meal here.

How to replace eggs using Flax Seeds?

Whisk/blend 1 teaspoon of flax seed powder with 1/4 cup of water for each egg to be replaced. Check-out the step-by-step instructions on how to make flax egg here.

How's the result?

The baked goods are heavier & dense. Flaxseed has a nutty flavor, so it works best that are grainier and nuttier, such as Waffles, Pancakes, Breads, Bran Muffins and Oatmeal Cookies.

#4. Pureed Fruits

What is Pureed Fruit?

Pureed FruitsMashed bananas, unsweetened applesauce, pureed prunes, plumped raisins and softened dates are some of the ways how pureed fruits can be used as an egg substitute. Learn more about pureed fruits here.

How to replace eggs using pureed fruits?

1/4 cup for each egg. Increase leavening by 25-50%. Bake items slightly longer, if necessary.

How's the result?

Baked goods won’t brown as deeply, but they will be very moist and heavy. Pureed fruit works well for Cakes, Quick Breads & Brownies.

#5. Vinegar/Baking Soda

Vinegar...Seriously?

VinegarYes, Vinegar works very well as an egg substitute in cake, cupcake and muffin recipes, making it light and fluffy. White and apple cider vinegar is used quite often. Learn about vinegar and their types.

How to replace eggs using Vinegar?

1 teaspoon of baking soda along with 1 tablespoon of vinegar. Apple cider vinegar and white distilled vinegar can be used.

How's the result?

Baked goods will be light and airy. Suitable for cakes, cupcakes and quick breads.

#6. Yogurt/Buttermilk

How is it used in baking?

VinegarBoth buttermilk and yogurt are good egg replacements, especially while baking muffins, cakes, and cupcakes. You can buy it in the Refrigerator section of grocery aisles next to the milk.

How to replace eggs using Yogurt/Buttermilk?

1/4 cup of buttermilk or yogurt for each egg to be replaced.

How's the result?

The baked goods will be lighter and not as dense as the ones with pureed fruit.

Other Egg Substitutes In Baking

#7. Condensed Milk

Condensed MilkSweetened condensed milk is another good egg substitute in cookies & cakes mostly.

#8. Lemon/Lime Juice

Lemon/Lime JuiceIf you don't have vinegar in hand, lemon juice is a very good substitute, yes a substitute for an egg substitute.

#9. Chia Seeds

Chia SeedsChia seeds also work as an egg substitute just like flax seeds. Make chia egg just like flax egg and use it in muffin, quick bread recipes.

#10. Arrowroot Powder

Arrowroot PowderArrowroot powder resembles cornstarch and used as a thickening agent. It's derived from the root of a South American plant. It is also used as an egg substitute which I haven't tried. I see that somewhere between 2 tablespoons of the powder mixed with 3 tablespoons of water can used to replace egg.

#11. Aquafaba

Aquafaba

  • Aquafaba is the liquid from cooking legumes, like the liquid from a can of chickpeas, or liquid from beans cooked at home. Since that liquid has a very similar consistency to that of raw egg white, it works as an excellent substitute in recipes which uses egg whites like macaroons, meringues, marshmallow, nougat, cakes, etc.
  • 3 tablespoons of aquafaba can be used to replace one egg/egg white.
  • The only thing to note is that the consistency should be right. It can't be too thick or too watery. Aquafaba can be used straight from the can, by draining the chickpeas or any legume. Chickpeas, white beans are preferable because the aquafaba will be clear and transparent. You may choose to use the liquid from red kidney beans and black beans in chocolate cakes or brownie recipes.
  • If the liquid is thin, heat it up until it reduces and gets a bit thicker. If it gets too thick, heat it up with some water to make it thin. Either way, cool it to room temperature before use.

Substitute for Eggs in Meatballs/Burgers

FlourIn dishes like meatballs, burgers or nuggets the purpose of adding egg is to act as a binder to hold the stuff together so that you can shape it without breaking. Whole wheat flour, cornstarch, coarsely powdered oats, or even mashed potatoes will work fine as an egg substitute in such recipes. You will have to start adding one of these ingredients in little increments like about a tablespoon or so until you can shape it into balls, patties, etc.

Substitute for Egg Wash

Light Corn SyrupSimply use oil, dairy/nondairy milk, or dairy/nondairy butter. 1/4 cup of light corn syrup thinned with very hot water can also be used for glazing.

Substitute for Egg Whites

Aquafaba: Egg Whites SubstituteAquafaba is one of the best substitutes available for egg whites. 3 tablespoons of aquafaba can be used to replace one egg, or actually egg whites more specifically. Just make sure that it is of the right consistency. It has to look slimy like egg white, not too thin or not too thick.

Substitute for Egg Yolks

Soy LecithinApparently, soy lecithin is a good substitute for egg yolk, which I am yet to try. It mimics the emulsifying property of eggs. It's a by-product of soy oil so making it vegetarian. I read that 1 tablespoon of soy lecithin is a substitute for 1 large egg yolk.

Egg Substitute in Brownies

Egg Free Brownies

  • Eggs are mostly used in brownies as a binding agent.
  • Some of the best substitutes for eggs in brownies will be 1/4th of a cup of pureed fruit (applesauce recipe, mashed bananas, pureed prune), pureed silken tofu, yogurt/buttermilk and flax egg.
  • Check here for a list of eggless brownie recipes.

Egg Substitute for Cookies

Eggless Cookies

  • The best substitutes for eggs in cookies are Ener-G egg replacer (or any other brand of commercial egg replacer powder), flax egg, sweetened condensed milk.
  • In rare cases, vinegar too works as an egg substitute in cookies.
  • Unsweetened applesauce will make the cookies very soft.
  • My favorite egg substitute for cookies is Ener-G. Follow the directions given in the pack. For each egg to be replaced, you will have to use about a teaspoon of the egg replacer powder whisked with 3 tablespoons of preferably warm water. You can replace up to 4 eggs using this ratio.
  • Sometimes I even use about 1.5 to 2 teaspoons of Ener-G as the pack reaches the expiry date.
  • Find the list of the best eggless cookies here.

Egg Substitute in Cakes

Eggless Cake

  • The most commonly used egg alternatives for cakes will be silken tofu, yogurt, pureed fruit, vinegar-baking soda (in specific recipes, strictly not for recipes which uses more than 1 egg).
  • Personally, I found a winning combination to substitute for eggs in cakes, which is a mix of yogurt and pureed silken tofu. It works out beautifully, especially in plain vanilla sponge cakes.
  • Find a huge collection of eggless cake recipes here.

Egg Substitute for Pancakes

Eggless Pancakes

  • Baking powder is a good egg substitute for pancakes, but it might not work if a recipe calls for more than one egg. I have got the best eggless pancake recipe already on the blog. Do try it.
  • If you are looking at a pancake recipe which has eggs and you want to make the pancake without eggs then most probably flax egg, 1/4 cup of mashed banana or unsweetened applesauce for each egg to be replaced should work fine.
  • Also, you might have to tweak the baking powder/baking soda measurement depending upon the recipe and depending upon the egg substitute that you are planning to use.
  • Check here for more eggless pancake and waffle recipes here.

Share your experiences with different egg substitutes that you've used during baking or if you have questions on egg substitutes, share/ask them in the comments section below. Share this page with your friends.

Happy Baking!

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574 COMMENTS

  1. Chillbibi

    Too much baking soda can leave baled goods with a chemically taste and smell so beware of that. Otherwise some helpful tips thanks 🙂

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    […] can omit the chocolate and use only dry fruits.  Now for those that CAN’T eats eggs, here is a link to a very informative  VIDEO about Eggless baking.  Very Happy […]

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    […] for vegan and paleo recipes will be without refined sugar. If you’re willing to find egg substitutes, even just choosing paleo desserts are healthier options you can still easily fit into a […]

  4. Margaret

    In your oatmeal cookies how much vinegar do I use and if I use the light syrup how much do I use? Your site is just awesome and I hope to learn so much from it. Thank you so much.

    • Madhuram

      Which recipe Margaret? I don’t remember adding vinegar in oatmeal cookie recipe.

  5. Recipe Makeovers: 5 Techniques to a Healthier Recipe by Kelly Parr

    […] 5. Eggs: I have used 1 tablespoon of ground flaxseed & 3 tablespoons of water to replace 1 egg in a recipe. I have even tried tofu! But it wasn’t until I watched this video that I discovered even more “eggciting” egg alternatives that I think you will like too! Click >>>>> Eggless Cooking! […]

  6. Nicci

    Hi! I’m wondering how I would substitute at least two or three of the eggs in this recipe. Can I do it with vinegar and baking soda? And if I do, do I still add the baking powder it is calling for? Or omit it? Ingredients
    1/3 cup coconut flour
    1/4 teaspoon salt
    1/2 teaspoon baking powder
    1/2 teaspoon garlic powder
    2 teaspoons dried minced onion
    1/4 cup butter melted
    4 eggs beaten
    1 tablespoon fresh chopped basil
    1 teaspoon fresh chopped parsley
    1/2 cup shredded sharp cheddar cheese

    • Nicci

      Also, do you think is okay to substitute the coconut flour with Almond flour? Thanks!

    • Madhuram

      This being a gluten-free recipe, it’s not easy to substitute eggs. It’s by trial and error that one can find out a good egg substitute while baking gluten-free. Vinegar and baking soda works well in recipes which uses one egg. It won’t be suitable for this recipe. Also what recipe is this? What does it make? I may be able to get a better idea if I know that.

  7. Patricia Ramsey

    Can hemp seeds be used like flax or chia seeds as an egg replacer? I have added hemp seeds to my diet as a plant based protein and source of Omega 6 and Omega 3 fatty acids.

    • Madhuram

      I don’t think it would work, Patricia because hemp seeds don’t have the glutenous properties like chia and flax.

  8. Marta Schwartz

    It was a very informative and helpful article! It got me exciated about trying new ways to cook and bake my goodies. Thank you for all this great info! Nicely done!

    • Madhuram

      You’re welcome, Marta.

  9. Vandana

    Hi. Can you tell me what would be the best to replace eggs in this recipe
    125 g unsaulted butter
    125 g self raising flour
    125 g caster sugar
    1/4 tsp bicarbonate of soda
    2 large egg
    1 1/2 Tbsp milk
    1/4 tsp vanilla extract

    • Madhuram

      Is it a cookie recipe or cake recipe? The amount of liquid ingredients looks very little. I’m thinking 1/2 cup of yogurt will work because it looks like a pound cake recipe.

  10. Willow

    Fabulous list of substitutes.
    Thank you!!

    • Madhuram

      You’re very welcome Willow.

  11. pat

    Oh ok. Thanks anyway!:-)

  12. pat

    Hi Eggless baking world! I need to know if a cream custard pie, like coconut pie could be created with a egg replacer? I baked a pumpkin is pie last year but can’t find the recipe. Help!

    • Madhuram

      I’m thinking it would work Pat, Im yet to try such recipes.

    • Slee

      My eggless pumpkin pie called for cornstarch in place of egg and worked well. I think it was 3 tablespoons.

      • Madhuram

        Wow! That’s great! Will use it when I bake a pie.

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  14. Smriti Jhamb

    What can we substitute egg with in cupcakes?
    Can we substitute egg with flaxseeds in cakes and cupcakes!

    • Madhuram

      It depends on the recipe Smriti. If you are baking a chocolate cupcake you can use flax egg as an egg substitute because the flecks of flax seed won’t be visible but will be noticeable in a plain vanilla cupcake. In general flaxseed substitute is suitable for muffins, breads, cookies etc. You can use vinegar, yogurt or buttermilk in cupcakes.

  15. Smriti Jhamb

    What can I use instead of 1tbsp whisked egg?
    It is used in the recipe of one giant single serving chocolate chip cookie.

    • Madhuram

      Ener-G egg replacer, applesauce, flax egg all will work fine.

  16. Smriti Jhamb

    Hi
    I want to make homemade ice cream cones and the recipe uses egg white.
    So should I replace it with aquafaba or anything else?

    • Madhuram

      Yes that’s a pretty good alternative. But I have not made ice cream cones so not sure exactly how good it will turn out.

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