Top 12 BEST Proven Egg Substitutes In Baking/Cooking Recipes

Here is the list of commonly used egg substitutes in baking:

Egg Substitutes

There are many egg substitute options available when a recipe calls for eggs. All these substitutes can be easily purchased from your grocery stores and health food stores.

IngredientHow to replace eggs?Best suited for
Egg Replacer (Ener-G Powder)1.5 tsp + 2 Tbs warm waterMostly Cookies
Flaxseed Meal (not ideal for replacing more than 2 eggs)1 Tbs + 3 Tbs WaterWaffles, pancakes, muffins, quick bread
Whole Chia seeds (not ideal for replacing more than 2 eggs)1 Tbs + 3 Tbs WaterWaffles, muffins, quick bread
Pureed fruit/vegetable (applesauce, mashed banana/avocado, pureed sweet potato/pumpkin/prune)1/4 Cup + 1 tsp baking powderQuick bread, brownies, and muffins
Pureed Silken Tofu1/4 Cup + 1 tsp baking sodaCakes, cupcakes, muffins, and bars/brownies
Yogurt/buttermilk/kefir1/4 CupPancakes, waffles, cakes, cupcakes, muffins, and bars/brownies
Vinegar (works only for replacing 1 egg)1 Tbs + 1 Tsp Baking SodaCakes, Cupcakes, Quick Bread
Lemon Juice (works only for replacing 1 egg)2 Tbs + 1 Tsp Baking SodaCakes, Cupcakes, Quick Bread
Milk (dairy and non-dairy, condensed milk or heavy cream)1/4 CupCakes, cupcakes, muffins, and bars/brownies
Nut/seed butter (peanut, almond, sunflower, etc.)3 TbsWaffles, pancakes, and muffins
Flour (Chickpea, whole wheat or all-purpose flour)3 Tbs + 3 Tbs WaterCookies, burgers, and meatballs
Cornstarch/Arrowroot flour/Soy protein powder2 Tbs + 2 Tbs WaterCookies, burgers, and meatballs
Suggested Reading: Baking Measurements

Purpose of Eggs In Baking

Egg as binderEgg as Binding Agents: If eggs are binders in a recipe, it can be replaced with Arrowroot, Soy Lecithin, Flax-seed Mix, Pureed Fruits or Vegetables, Silken Tofu, Vegetarian Unflavored Gelatin Powder (agar agar). The ratio is, for every egg replaced, 1/4 cup of the substitute is used, except for arrowroot, soy lecithin and agar agar. These egg substitutions for binding work well as substitutes for baking recipes.

Egg as leavening agentEggs as Leavening Agents: If eggs are leavening agents, Buttermilk, Yogurt, Baking Soda, Commercial Egg Replacement Powder such as Ener-G can be used.

Egg for moistureEggs for Moisture: If eggs are added for moisture, Fruit Juice, Milk, Water or Pureed Fruit can be used.

Substitute for Eggs in Meatballs/Burgers

Whole Wheat FlourIn dishes like meatballs, burgers, or nuggets the purpose of adding egg is to act as a binder to hold the stuff together so that you can shape it without breaking.

Whole wheat flour, cornstarch, coarsely powdered oats, or even mashed potatoes will work fine as an egg substitute in such recipes. You will have to start adding one of these ingredients in little increments like about a tablespoon or so until you can shape it into balls, patties, etc.

Substitute for Egg Wash

Simply use oil, dairy/non-dairy milk, or dairy/non-dairy butter.

1/4 cup of light corn syrup thinned with very hot water can also be used for glazing.

Substitute for Egg Whites

aquafabaAquafaba is one of the best substitutes available for egg whites. 3 tablespoons of aquafaba can be used to replace one egg, or actually egg whites more specifically.

Just make sure that it is of the right consistency. It has to look slimy like egg white, not too thin or not too thick.

Substitute for Egg Yolks

Apparently, soy lecithin is a good substitute for egg yolk, which I am yet to try. It mimics the emulsifying property of eggs.

It's a by-product of soy oil so making it vegetarian. I read that 1 tablespoon of soy lecithin is a substitute for 1 large egg yolk.

Other Uncommon Egg Substitutes

The following egg substitutes can be used depending upon the recipes and they are usually best for gelatin puddings, macaroons, cupcakes & quick breads.

IngredientHow to replace eggs?Best suited for
Agar Agar1 Tbs + 1 Tbs WaterPudding, setting cheesecake
Soy Lecithin1 TbsTo Replace 1 Large Egg Yolk
Aquafaba3 TbsTo Replace 1 Egg / Egg Whites

Share your experiences with different egg substitutes that you've used during baking or if you have questions on egg substitutes, share/ask them in the comments section below. Share this page with your friends.
Happy Baking!

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607 COMMENTS

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    […] chart for egg substitutes on Madhurum’s Eggless Cooking site which listed chickpea flour: https://www.egglesscooking.com/egg-substitutes/. Three tablespoons of flour mixed with three tablespoons of water equals one […]

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    […] So, whether you are vegan, allergic, or simply don’t like eggs – try the following substitutes: (Source) […]

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    […] are a lot of reasons you might be looking for a substitute for eggs. Maybe you’re vegan. Maybe you, or someone you’re baking for, are allergic to eggs. […]

  6. Chillbibi

    Too much baking soda can leave baled goods with a chemically taste and smell so beware of that. Otherwise some helpful tips thanks 🙂

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    […] for vegan and paleo recipes will be without refined sugar. If you’re willing to find egg substitutes, even just choosing paleo desserts are healthier options you can still easily fit into a […]

  9. Margaret

    In your oatmeal cookies how much vinegar do I use and if I use the light syrup how much do I use? Your site is just awesome and I hope to learn so much from it. Thank you so much.

    • Madhuram

      Which recipe Margaret? I don’t remember adding vinegar in oatmeal cookie recipe.

  10. Recipe Makeovers: 5 Techniques to a Healthier Recipe by Kelly Parr

    […] 5. Eggs: I have used 1 tablespoon of ground flaxseed & 3 tablespoons of water to replace 1 egg in a recipe. I have even tried tofu! But it wasn’t until I watched this video that I discovered even more “eggciting” egg alternatives that I think you will like too! Click >>>>> Eggless Cooking! […]

  11. Nicci

    Hi! I’m wondering how I would substitute at least two or three of the eggs in this recipe. Can I do it with vinegar and baking soda? And if I do, do I still add the baking powder it is calling for? Or omit it? Ingredients
    1/3 cup coconut flour
    1/4 teaspoon salt
    1/2 teaspoon baking powder
    1/2 teaspoon garlic powder
    2 teaspoons dried minced onion
    1/4 cup butter melted
    4 eggs beaten
    1 tablespoon fresh chopped basil
    1 teaspoon fresh chopped parsley
    1/2 cup shredded sharp cheddar cheese

    • Nicci

      Also, do you think is okay to substitute the coconut flour with Almond flour? Thanks!

    • Madhuram

      This being a gluten-free recipe, it’s not easy to substitute eggs. It’s by trial and error that one can find out a good egg substitute while baking gluten-free. Vinegar and baking soda works well in recipes which uses one egg. It won’t be suitable for this recipe. Also what recipe is this? What does it make? I may be able to get a better idea if I know that.

  12. Patricia Ramsey

    Can hemp seeds be used like flax or chia seeds as an egg replacer? I have added hemp seeds to my diet as a plant based protein and source of Omega 6 and Omega 3 fatty acids.

    • Madhuram

      I don’t think it would work, Patricia because hemp seeds don’t have the glutenous properties like chia and flax.

  13. Marta Schwartz

    It was a very informative and helpful article! It got me exciated about trying new ways to cook and bake my goodies. Thank you for all this great info! Nicely done!

    • Madhuram

      You’re welcome, Marta.

  14. Vandana

    Hi. Can you tell me what would be the best to replace eggs in this recipe
    125 g unsaulted butter
    125 g self raising flour
    125 g caster sugar
    1/4 tsp bicarbonate of soda
    2 large egg
    1 1/2 Tbsp milk
    1/4 tsp vanilla extract

    • Madhuram

      Is it a cookie recipe or cake recipe? The amount of liquid ingredients looks very little. I’m thinking 1/2 cup of yogurt will work because it looks like a pound cake recipe.

  15. Willow

    Fabulous list of substitutes.
    Thank you!!

    • Madhuram

      You’re very welcome Willow.

  16. pat

    Oh ok. Thanks anyway!:-)

  17. pat

    Hi Eggless baking world! I need to know if a cream custard pie, like coconut pie could be created with a egg replacer? I baked a pumpkin is pie last year but can’t find the recipe. Help!

    • Madhuram

      I’m thinking it would work Pat, Im yet to try such recipes.

    • Slee

      My eggless pumpkin pie called for cornstarch in place of egg and worked well. I think it was 3 tablespoons.

      • Madhuram

        Wow! That’s great! Will use it when I bake a pie.

  18. Super Sensitive Girl » Blog Archive » Life-Changing Fiber Muffins

    […] eggs serve so many different functions in recipes. For more info on egg substitutions, check out Egg Substitutes In Baking at EgglessCooking.com. In this recipe, the egg serves as a binder, and I tried several options […]

  19. Smriti Jhamb

    What can we substitute egg with in cupcakes?
    Can we substitute egg with flaxseeds in cakes and cupcakes!

    • Madhuram

      It depends on the recipe Smriti. If you are baking a chocolate cupcake you can use flax egg as an egg substitute because the flecks of flax seed won’t be visible but will be noticeable in a plain vanilla cupcake. In general flaxseed substitute is suitable for muffins, breads, cookies etc. You can use vinegar, yogurt or buttermilk in cupcakes.

  20. Smriti Jhamb

    What can I use instead of 1tbsp whisked egg?
    It is used in the recipe of one giant single serving chocolate chip cookie.

    • Madhuram

      Ener-G egg replacer, applesauce, flax egg all will work fine.

  21. Smriti Jhamb

    Hi
    I want to make homemade ice cream cones and the recipe uses egg white.
    So should I replace it with aquafaba or anything else?

    • Madhuram

      Yes that’s a pretty good alternative. But I have not made ice cream cones so not sure exactly how good it will turn out.

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