Egg Substitutes In Baking

There are many egg substitute options available for baking for any recipe that calls for eggs. Most of the egg substitutes can be purchased at health food stores and most grocery stores. Here in this page, you can find excellent recipes that are tried and tested using various egg substitutes.

To get favorable results while replacing eggs in a baking recipe we have to clearly understand its role in the recipe. Eggs either act as binders, leavening agents or to moisten the batter.

Purpose of Eggs In Baking

Eggs As Binders

Egg as binderIf eggs are binders in a recipe, it can be replaced with Arrowroot, Soy Lecithin, Flax-seed Mix, Pureed Fruits or Vegetables, Silken Tofu, Unflavored Vegetarian Gelatin Powder (agar agar). The ratio is, for every egg replaced, 1/4 cup of the substitute is used.

Eggs as Leavening Agents

Egg as leavening agentIf eggs are leavening agents, Buttermilk, Yogurt, Baking Soda, Commercial Egg Replacement Powder such as Ener-G can be used.

Eggs for Moisture

Egg for moistureIf eggs are added for moisture, Fruit Juice, Milk, Water or Pureed Fruit can be used.

Egg Substitution Chart

Egg SubstituteHow To Replace 1 Egg?
Commercial Egg ReplacerWhip together in a food processor or blender 1 and half teaspoons powder and 2 tablespoons water for 1 egg.
Silken TofuSubstitute 1/4 cup of whipped silken tofu for each egg.
Flax Seeds/Chia SeedsWhisk/blend together 1 teaspoon of flax/chia seed powder with 1/4 cup of water for each egg to be replaced.
Pureed Fruits1/4 cup of pureed fruits for each egg (mashed bananas, applesauce, etc.)
Vinegar/Baking Soda1 teaspoon of baking soda along with 1 tablespoon of apple cider or white distilled vinegar for 1 egg.
Yogurt/Buttermilk1/4 cup of buttermilk or yogurt for each egg to be replaced.
Arrowroot Powder2 tablespoons of arrowroot flour + 3 tablespoons of water can be used to replace 1 egg.
Aquafaba3 tablespoons of aquafaba can be used to replace one egg/egg white.

Egg Substitutes

Common Egg Substitutes In Baking

#1. Commercial Egg Replacer

What is Egg Replacer?

Egg ReplacerIt is a mix of potato and tapioca starch (no corn) and some leavening agents. Some commercially available egg replacer powders are Ener-G, Bob’s Red Mill, Organ and other brands. Learn more about egg replacer here.

How to replace eggs?

Whip together in a food processor or blender 1 and half teaspoons powder and 2 tablespoons water. Sometimes 2-3 times as much powder in the same amount of water gives better results.

How's the result?

Flavorless, won’t affect the taste of the baked goods. Best suitable for all baked goods, especially Cookies.

#2. Silken Tofu

What is Silken Tofu?

Silken TofuIt’s made by curdling soy milk and pressing them into sliceable cakes. It is a boon for those who want to go egg free. From scrambled eggs to frittatas and cakes to frostings, tofu has its place in many dishes. Learn more about Silken Tofu and recipes using Silken tofu as an vegan egg substitute.

How to replace eggs?

Substitute 1/4 cup of whipped silken tofu for each egg.

How's the result?

Baked goods won’t brown as deeply, but they will be very moist and heavy. Best suitable for Rich, dense & moist Cakes, breads, chocolate chip cookies, and brownies.

#3. Flax Seeds

What is Flax Seed?

Flax EggAs the name implies it is a seed, a miracle plant based food, rich in Omega-3 fatty acids, an important source of the essential fat for vegetarians especially. We can make flax seed meal at home freshly by grinding flax seeds or get it ready made from store. It is an vegan egg substitute. Learn more about Flax Seed Meal here.

How to replace eggs?

Whisk/blend together 1 teaspoon of flax seed powder with 1/4 cup of water for each egg to be replaced. Check-out the step-by-step instructions on how to make flax egg here.

How's the result?

The baked goods are heavier & dense. Flax seed has a nutty flavor, so it works best that are grainier and nuttier, such as: Waffles, Pancakes, Breads, Bran Muffins and Oatmeal Cookies.

#4. Pureed Fruits

What is Pureed Fruit?

Pureed FruitsMashed bananas, unsweetened applesauce, pureed prunes, plumped raisins and softened dates are some of the ways how pureed fruits can be used as an egg substitute. Learn more about pureed fruits here.

How to replace eggs?

1/4 cup for each egg. Increase leavening by 25-50%. Bake items slightly longer, if necessary.

How's the result?

Baked goods won’t brown as deeply, but they will be very moist and heavy. Works well for Cakes, Quick Breads & Brownies.

#5. Vinegar/Baking Soda


VinegarYes, Vinegar works very well as an egg substitute in cake, cupcake and muffin recipes, making it light and fluffy. White and apple cider vinegar is used quite often. Learn about vinegar and their types.

How to replace eggs?

1 teaspoon of baking soda along with 1 tablespoon of vinegar. Apple cider vinegar and white distilled vinegar can be used.

How's the result?

Baked goods will be light and airy. Suitable for cakes, cupcakes and quick breads.

#6. Yogurt/Buttermilk

How is it used in baking?

VinegarBoth buttermilk and yogurt are good egg substitutes especially while baking muffins, cakes and cupcakes. You can buy it in the Refrigerator section of grocery aisles next to milk.

How to replace eggs?

1/4 cup of buttermilk or yogurt for each egg to be replaced.

How's the result?

The baked goods will be lighter and not as dense as the ones with pureed fruit.

Other Egg Substitutes In Baking

#7. Condensed Milk

Condensed MilkSweetened condensed milk is another good egg substitute in cakes mostly.

#8. Lemon/Lime Juice

Lemon/Lime JuiceIf you don't have vinegar in hand, lemon juice is a very good substitute, yes a substitute for an egg substitute.

#9. Chia Seeds

Chia SeedsChia seeds also works as an egg substitute just like flax seeds. Make chia egg just like flax egg and use it in muffin, quick bread recipes.

#10. Arrowroot Powder

Arrowroot PowderArrowroot powder resembles cornstarch and used as a thickening agent. It's derived from the root of a South American plant. It is also used as an egg substitute which I haven't tried. I see that somewhere between 2 tablespoons of the powder mixed with 3 tablespoons of water can used to replace egg.

#11. Aquafaba


  • Aquafaba is the liquid from cooking legumes, like the liquid from a can of chickpeas, or liquid from beans cooked at home. Since that liquid has a very similar consistency to that of raw egg white it works as a wonderful substitute in recipes which uses egg whites like macaroons, meringues, marshmallow, nougat, cakes etc.
  • 3 tablespoons of aquafaba can be used to replace one egg/egg white.
  • Only thing to note is that the consistency should be right. It can't be too thick or too watery. Aquafaba can be used straight from the can, by draining the chickpeas or any legume. Chickpeas, white beans is preferable because the aquafaba will be clear and transparent. You may choose to use the liquid from red kidney beans and black beans in chocolate cakes or brownie recipes.
  • If the liquid is thin, heat it up until it reduces and gets a bit thicker. If it it too thick, heat it up with some water to make it thin. Either way cool it to room temperature before use.

Substitute for Eggs in Meatballs/Burgers

FlourIn dishes like meatballs, burgers or nuggets the purpose of adding egg is to act as a binder to hold the stuff together so that you can shape it without breaking. Whole wheat flour, cornstarch, coarsely powdered oats, or even mashed potatoes will work fine as an egg substitute in such recipes. You will have to start adding one of these ingredients in little increments like about a tablespoon or so until you are able to shape it into balls, patties, etc.

Substitute for Egg Wash

Light Corn SyrupSimply use oil, dairy/nondairy milk, or dairy/nondairy butter. 1/4 cup of light corn syrup thinned with very hot water can also be used for glazing.

Substitute for Egg Whites

Aquafaba: Egg Whites SubstituteAquafaba is one of the best substitutes available for egg whites. 3 tablespoons of aquafaba can be used to replace one egg, or actually egg whites more specifically. Just make sure that it is of the right consistency. It has to look slimy like egg white, not too thin or not too thick.

Substitute for Egg Yolks

Soy LecithinApparently soy lecithin is good substitute for egg yolk, which I am yet to try. It mimics the emulsifying property of eggs. It's a by product of soy oil so making it vegetarian. I read that 1 tablespoon of soy lecithin is a substitute for 1 large egg yolk.

Egg Substitute in Brownies

Egg Free Brownies

  • Eggs are mostly used in brownies as a binding agent.
  • Some of the best substitutes for eggs in brownies will be 1/4th of a cup of pureed fruit (applesauce recipe, mashed bananas, pureed prune), pureed silken tofu, yogurt/buttermilk and flax egg.
  • Check here for a list of eggless brownie recipes.

Egg Substitute for Cookies

Eggless Cookies

  • The best substitutes for eggs in cookies are Ener-G egg replacer (or any other brand of commercial egg replacer powder), flax egg, sweetened condensed milk.
  • In rare cases vinegar too works as an egg substitute in cookies.
  • Unsweetened applesauce will make the cookies very soft.
  • My favorite egg substitute for cookies is Ener-G. Follow the directions given in the pack. For each egg to be replaced you will have to use about a teaspoon of the egg replacer powder whisked with 3 tablespoons of preferably warm water. You can replace up to 4 eggs using this ratio.
  • Sometimes I even use about 1.5 to 2 teaspoons of Ener-G as the pack reaches the expiry date.
  • Find the list of the best eggless cookies here.

Egg Substitute in Cakes

Eggless Cake

  • The mostly commonly used egg substitutes for cakes will be silken tofu, yogurt, pureed fruit, vinegar-baking soda (in certain recipes, strictly not for recipes which uses more than 1 egg).
  • Personally I found a winning combination to substitute for eggs in cakes, which is a mix of yogurt and pureed silken tofu. It works out beautifully especially in plain vanilla sponge cakes.
  • Find a huge collection of eggless cake recipes here.

Egg Substitute for Pancakes

Eggless Pancakes

  • Baking powder is a good egg substitute in pancakes but it might not work if a recipe calls for more than one egg. I have got the best eggless pancake recipe already in the blog. Do try it.
  • If you are looking at a pancake recipe which has eggs and you want to make the pancake without eggs then most probably flax egg, 1/4 cup of mashed banana or unsweetened applesauce for each egg to be replaced should work fine.
  • Also you might have to tweak the baking powder/baking soda measurement depending upon the recipe and depending upon the egg substitute that you are planning to use.
  • Check here for more eggless pancake and waffle recipes here.

Share your experiences with different egg substitutes that you've used during baking or if you have questions on egg substitutes, share/ask them in the comments section below. Share this page with your friends.

Happy Baking!

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  1. […] Eggs can be replaced by vinegar and baking soda, ground flaxseed and water, a ripe banana, applesauce, silken tofu, and commercial egg replacer powder. Check out this informative link for specifics:  Egg Substitutes In Baking | Egg Replacements […]

  2. […] are numerous options for substituting eggs in baking recipes. You can always try using one of […]

  3. Hi! Can u tell me the quantity of condensed milk required to replace one egg?
    Also the same about yogurt?
    Nice article!
    Thank you!

  4. * 2 cups organic quinoa, cooked

    * 1/3 cup almond milk

    * 4 organic eggs (use chia seed gel for vegan option)

    * ½ cup ghee  (use coconut oil for a vegan /dairy free version)

    * 1 teaspoon vanilla extract

    * ¾ cup Lakanto (or other sweetener such as coconut sugar)

    * ½ cup cacao powder

    * 1-1/2 teaspoons baking powder

    * ½ teaspoon baking soda

    * ½ teaspoon Himalayan salt

    1. Preheat oven to 350 degrees.  Grease and line a 9-inch cake pan with a round of parchment paper at the bottom, for single layer cake, or two 9-inch cake pans with a round of parchment paper at the bottom for a 2 layer cake.

    2. Melt butter.

    3. Put the quinoa, milk, eggs, melted butter, and vanilla into a food processor fitted with the metal “S” blade.  Pulse to combine and then process until smooth, this will take about 30-60 seconds.

    4.  Add the Lakanto, cacao powder, baking powder, soda, and salt to the bowl and pulse to combine well.

    For a single layer cake:
    Pour batter into the prepared pan and bake for about 40-42 minutes or until a toothpick poked in the center comes out clean. 
    Let the cake cool on a rack for about 15 minutes before turning out of the pan. This cake is delicate to flip it, place a plate over the pan and then flip both over together.

    • Oh this is a gluten-free cake, Dhanashree! Making it egg free too is pretty tricky and to begin with a cake with cooked quinoa won’t taste like our ordinary cake on top of that making it egg free too please do not have expectations for it to taste anything like a regular cake. Chia or flax seed meal or any other egg substitute for that matter is going to make it have a very different taste for sure. I’m thinking 1 cup silken tofu might work. The baking time might be more. All the best.

  5. Wow! This list is amazing! Thank you for making this. Is there a way I could save this? Print it out? You should put it on Pinterest too!

  6. hello mam!!nice article.
    i have a receipe which contains enough liquid ,baking soda as well as baking powder.and it uses 4 eggs for binding.i tried chia seed to replace these eggs.but binding does not formed!it looks like i need to use arrowroot or coconut flour for binding!can u suggest anything else?to replace 4 eggs?how much starch/coconut flour shoild i use for 4 eggs?

  7. My girlfriend is allergic to eggs while I’m allergic to banana, and we have been using applesauce but everything comes out way too most and doughy. Our biggest thing is corn bread, brownies, cakes, and bars (lemon bars, pumpkin bars, etc). Any advice? I love to bake but it’s so hard with or food allergies.


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